Matternet delivers drugs by robocopter

Matternet’s Andreas Raptopoulos with a prototype of his drug delivery system.(Credit: Rafe Needleman/CNET)

The best thing I saw at CES in 2010 was the Parrot AR Drone, an iPhone-controlled quadcopter. It was a really fun toy, but an expensive one, and not that reliable either, as I learned when my demo unit dropped out of the sky. But this platform, the quadcopter, can be a serious player in solving real-world problems. Aeryon, which I covered in 2009, played an important part in the Libyan rebellion: one of its flying bots helped the rebels see over their heads to where their opposition was gathering.

And at the graduation ceremony of the Singularity University this week, I was introduced to another real-world, save-the-world company that’s applying quadcopter technology: Matternet.

This particular class of S.U. was focused on solving problems for “the next billion people,” those without access to modern technology. Matternet tackled the problem of getting drugs and diagnostic or test materials to people in rural areas in developing countries that don’t have access to passable roads during rainy seasons.

The company proposed building a network of robotic drones to deliver medication quickly and very cost-effectively–even less than a guy on a dirt bike costs.

Matternet team leader Andreas Raptopoulos told me the nominal range of his quadcopters is 10 kilometers when carrying a 2-kilogram load (range changes with load). Landing pads act as beacons to augment GPS and guide the copters to precise landings.

While the company is building its prototype business around quadcopters, Raptopoulos told me Matternet is platform-agnostic. That makes sense, since fixed-wing drones would be faster and have much greater range (but they couldn’t land as precisely).

In phase two of the company’s rollout, it plans to add automated recharging stations to its networks, both to improve turnaround time and reliability, and to allow the installation of way stations that could swap or recharge batteries automatically to extend the range of the copters.

The business is straightforward: Matternet will charge aid companies for delivery services. Currently, Raptopoulos says, the Dominican Republic is financing a pilot project for the company.

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The Matternet quadcopters are based on open-source technology from DIY Drones. The automatic control systems and flight programming tools are well-developed, Raptopoulos says. The flying vehicles themselves are custom built, for robustness. They should cost a few hundred dollars each.

Almost all the demos at the Singularity event were for real-world and really clever products, but this one flipped the most switches for me. Matternet is trying to create, essentially, a modern, long-distance version of the pneumatic tubes that hospitals use to shuttle samples and papers around. Building a network of robotic drug delivery helicopters is just as out there, when you think about it, as building giant Habitrails into buildings must have seemed at the time. But look how pervasive they became.

I’m also fascinated that this autonomous-helicopter form factor (four rotors, each with its own motor, on a platform about 3 feet across) is becoming a standard development platform for low-cost flying bots. I wonder where we’ll see these things pop up next.


Business Model

We create value by offering a transportation service that:

  • Is faster than conventional means of transportation
  • Can reach areas that are otherwise inaccessible
  • Saves time by bringing goods to people rather than sending people to get goods
  • Has low operating costs that are continuing to reduce further
  • Has little environmental impact: pollution-free transport with minimal impact on ecosystems around planned routes

We will stay ahead of our competitors by:

  • Developing our solution directly in and for the needs of developing markets
  • Creating early relationships with key companies, foundations, and governments
  • Building superior infrastructure solutions and developing networks to which any provider can connect their vehicles

Market and comparative analysis

Our initial markets are defined as the lightweight logistics last mile transportation markets. We are also hardware manufacturers of micro/mini Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), initially selling a point-to-point transportation system. There have been a few trials using UASs for transporting medicine, such as E-juba and BF MedicAir (SA). A project in development is Airship Africa, for heavy cargo transportation using dirigibles.

Business Model

In Phase 1, we provide an easy-to-use AAV kit for the lightweight last mile logistics industry, targeting actors who need to access places difficult to reach by conventional means of transportation. Target clients include hospitals/doctors (blood/tissue samples, medicine, vaccines), local businesses (documents, small goods, electronics), governments (certificates, disaster relief supplies), non-governmental organizations and existing courier services such as national postal service entities (parcels). The initial kit consists of one AAV and two stations. Cost for parts plus labor is $1200. We plan to sell it for $2500.

In Phase 2 and Phase 3, the Matternet becomes a connected network of interacting AAVs and ground stations. This can be compared to a telecommunication system with base stations as the infrastructure, serving a growing fleet of AAVs. Users can either buy or rent the infrastructure. Those who wish to connect their AAVs to the network can subscribe to the Matternet.

The Matternet will target areas in which AAVs are competitive with human transportation, for example motorcycles and trucks. In addition, the Matternet will target regions where entities have expressed interests in setting up a pilot project.

The Matternet is cost-competitive with all types of transportation in regions that lack a reliable road infrastructure. The Matternet is competitive with motorcycles for transporting goods under 50 kg in rough terrains where the operational cost of motorcycles is approximately 60 cents per kilometer.

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